Tractor-trailer drivers transport goods from one location to another using heavy or tractor-trailer trucks. They operate trucks with a capacity of at least 26,001 pounds per gross vehicle weight. These drivers deliver goods over intercity routes, sometimes spanning several states. A person who enjoys traveling and working independently may enjoy this type of career.
Driving the vehicle is the main responsibility of a tractor-trailer driver, but they are also responsible for inspecting the vehicle and making sure the truck is equipped with safety equipment, such as hazardous material placards. To work as a tractor trailer driver, one must have a commercial driver’s license (CDL). A tractor trailer driver must also obtain special licences in order to carry certain types of cargo. As this position has a lot responsibility, therefore the employers prefer to hire experienced drivers who are well-knowledgeable about various routes.
Some of the duties that the tractor-trailer drivers are expected to perform are given below:
Tractor Trailer Driver Job Description and Responsibilities
• Inspect their trailer before and after the trip, and record any defects they find.
• Service truck with oil, fuel, and radiator fluid to maintain tractor-trailer.
• Make sure that the tire pressure is correct and greasing is done properly.
• Fasten chain or binders to secure load on trailer during transportation.
• Loads or unloads, or assists in loading and unloading truck.
• Collect and verify delivery instructions.
• Obtain customer’s signature and collects payment for services.
• Use GPS or maps to determine destination distances.
• Map out the best possible rout to reach the destination on time.
• Take special precautions while driving.
• Wrap goods using pads, packing paper and containers, and secures load to trailer wall using straps to ensure the safety of the goods.
• Perform inventory and inspection of goods to ensure standardization
• Unload or assist in unloading trailer by using forklift or hand truck.
• Ensure that all related paperwork is present before setting out to the delivery destination
• Maintain a regular check on the tractor and trailer to insure all travel requirements such as fuel, lubrication, brakes, tire pressures etc.
• Perform minor repair tasks on the vehicle as and when required.
• Report to a dispatcher any incidents encountered on the road.
• Keep their truck and associated equipment clean and in good working order.
• Install or remove snow tires and graders when the need arises.